17th UPR Session – Country Review of China

Country Review of China

Chinese Government Statements (Opening, Closing, Country Report) [upload pdf]

Media Statement:   http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/Highlights22October2013am.aspx


First Cycle: Date of consideration: Mon 9 February 2009 – 9.00 a.m. – 12.00 a.m

Second Cycle: Date of consideration: Tues 22 October 2013 – 9:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m.

Draft Working Group Report: First Cycle [upload pdf], Second Cycle [upload pdf]


Statements on Freedom of Religion or Belief by the Delegation of China:


17.          China has taken concrete actions in protecting people’s freedom of speech and freedom of religious belief in accordance with law. People can express views freely through microblogs, postings and other means. There are 5,500 religious organizations, 100 religious universities and 140,000 sites for religious activities.


19.          Minority ethnic groups enjoy extensive human rights. Their freedom of religious belief and the right to use and develop their spoken and written languages are respected and guaranteed.


90.          China protects the lawful rights and interests of religious groups and religious sites. Citizens enjoy full range of religious freedom. Those who engage in unlawful or criminal activities under the disguise of “religions” are punishable by law.


91.          Remarkable achievements have been made in human rights endeavours in Tibet, where traditional culture and religious freedom are protected. The affordable housing projects in Tibetan-residing areas have been carried out on a voluntary basis, to the satisfaction of vast majority of farmers and herdsmen.


Recommendations on Freedom of Religion or Belief by other States:




Reference in Report

Albania; Chile; Belgium; Hungary; Japan; Maldives; Spain; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; Sierra Leone; France; Brazil; Bulgaria; Estonia; Ghana;

Ratify the ICCPR



Follow the approach it took for economic, social and cultural rights with respect to civil and political rights, including freedom of religion or belief and the right to a fair trial




Expedite legal and institutional reforms to fully protect in law and in practice freedom of expression, association and assembly, and religion and belief




Stop all criminal prosecutions, arrests and all other forms of intimidation of individuals as a result of the peaceful exercise of their rights to freedom of expression, freedom of association, and assembly, or freedom of religion and belief




Take the necessary measures to ensure that the rights to freedom of religion, culture and expression are fully observed and protected in every administrative entity of China




Continue promoting the freedom of religious belief and safeguarding social and religious harmony among its people




Take effective measures to protect the right to freedom of religion or belief



Continue its efforts to guarantee freedom of religion at an international level and territorial integrity




Stop the prosecution and persecution of people for the practice of their religion or belief including Catholics, other Christians, Tibetans, Uyghurs, and Falun Gong, and set a date for the visit of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief




Consider possible revision of its legislation on administrative restrictions in order to provide a better protection of freedom of religion or belief




Strengthen the human rights framework to ensure religious freedoms




Adopt further measures to firmly crack down on cult organizations to safeguard freedom of worship and the normal religious order




Ensure that all laws, regulations and judicial interpretations comply with the Constitution and the ICCPR to ensure that the constitutionally provided right to freedom of expression is fulfilled




Continue measures to further economic and social development of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, to protect the right to freedom of religion and belief as well as to maintain stability in this autonomous region.




In light of concerns about the situation of human rights in Xinjiang and Tibet, respond to the invitation addressed to the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief to visit these regions







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